All posts tagged: skincare

Getting Under Your Skin

I develop cosmetics for a living specialising on topical skin care as opposed to injectables and other invasive solutions. In my professional life I am quite often asked, How does a cream even penetrate into the skin? Doesn’t it just stay on the surface (being therefore useless)? Most popular opinions on the subject are: Nothing gets inside the skin, because it is our impenetrable protective barrier (and therefore you need to stick needles in your face and inject things or use laser, dermabrasion and radio waves to achieve any kind of effect), or; Only very expensive cosmetics would be able to penetrate into the skin. Here’s how it all really works. One of the skin’s primary functions is indeed protection, and not every substance would be able to get through this barrier. But it’s not impenetrable either. Your skin is not a space suit that can only be pierced with a needle or a laser beam. There are substances, dermatological medicinal creams among them, that are able to get so deep through the skin that …

The How’s and Why’s of Thermal Water

  Thermal water is basically mineral water from thermal springs. If you’ve ever seen a hot spring gushing out from under ground, then you’ve seen a source of thermal water. Usually the water rises up from the deep underground basins where the geothermal and volcanic activity of the Earth heats it up. Thermal springs can differ significantly first of all in their salt composition. It is these salts dissolved in water that determine the biological activity of thermal water and the effect it has on the skin.Practically any kind of thermal water has a more or less powerful hydrating action: the saline Practically any kind of thermal water has a more or less powerful hydrating action: the saline solution acts like a magnet retaining water in the upper skin layers. However, the moisturising effect will be more pronounced if the skin’s surface is not allowed to dry. If the evaporation is not slowed down, soon after the initial comfortable and softening sensation the skin will start feeling tight and dry which is perceived by many …

Teenage Acne Today

1. Why do teenagers get acne? We’ve always thought that it’s because of the puberty hormones, but recently some cosmetologists have been rejecting this theory. What do you think? Dr Meder: It is impossible to deny the role of the hormone changes in the development of acne. It has been scientifically proven that adolescent acne is caused primarily by hormonal changes. The intensifying of the hormonal syntheses and the increase both in the skin’s sensitivity to androgens and in the amount of dihydrotestosterone in the skin enhance the production of sebum and cause the change in its properties, bringing about inflammatory elements in the skin. 2. This problem used to affect 13–14 year old boys and girls, but now we see them getting acne at 11 or 12. Why do you think that is? Dr Meder: Accelerated growth is not a myth—modern kids grow up faster and enter puberty sooner. 3. What kinds of acne are there? Dr Meder: This is a rather comprehensive topic. If we’re still talking about teenagers, modern classification goes as follows: …

Botox Can Affect Your Emotions

It has long been suggested that feedback signals from facial muscles influence emotional experience. The recent surge in use of botulinum toxin (BTX) to induce temporary muscle paralysis offers a unique opportunity to directly test this “facial feedback hypothesis.” Previous research shows that the lack of facial muscle feedback due to BTX-induced paralysis influences subjective reports of emotional experience, as well as brain activity associated with the imitation of emotional facial expressions. However, it remains to be seen whether facial muscle paralysis affects brain activity, especially the amygdala, which is known to be responsive to the perception of emotion in others. Further, it is unknown whether these neural changes are permanent or whether they revert to their original state after the effects of BTX have subsided. The present study sought to address these questions by using functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure neural responses to angry and happy facial expressions in the presence or absence of facial paralysis. Results Consistent with previous research, amygdala activity was greater in response to angry compared to happy faces …

Firming Cream for the Bust: Will It Work?

To tell you the truth, the only thing that can restore the breasts’ shape and size, if they changed dramatically after childbirth and breastfeeding, is a surgeon’s scalpel. But don’t despair right away! First of all, many women seem to think that their breast should return back to normal instantly—the next day after they stopped nursing. It is impossible though—the restoration of the mammary glands’ shape and size takes several months, in some cases up to a year or a year and a half. This is not the right moment for surgery but a perfect one for applying all sorts of bust care cosmetics. During this time the skin responds to external stimulation really well, and the natural recovery process can be enhanced and sped up. The three crucial factors in the process of the breasts’ shape restoration are: the strengthening of the muscles, supporting the breasts; physical stimulation of the skin’s tonicity and breast support; cosmetic care with active ingredients enhancing the skin’s elasticity in this area. Pectoral muscles are not the only ones …

Skin Care for Men

Urban Myth: men need their own special cosmetics! Women’s stuff does not work for male skin. Indeed, one hears such statements often enough. ‘Cosmetics for men’ is set on separate shelves in stores, it looks manly and intimidating with all the metal, dark packaging and aggressive brand names—one of the most popular men’s lines is called ‘Bulldog’. But do men really need special solutions?  Male skin is actually different from female in several interesting ways. Men’s skin is about 25% thicker. Male hormones, androgens, make the dermis thicker and more solid. And with men the skin’s thickness and density only start decreasing after the age of 50.  It’s got more collagen too! Some might even say, that women who choose to age naturally appear 10–15 years older then men of the same age. However, since men use sunscreens less often and are generally more negligent when it comes to skin care, they lose this advantage fairly quickly. Men and women lose approximately the same amount of collagen for natural causes—about 1% a year starting from …

Are Cleansing Brushes Safe for You?

  Face cleansing brushes are really good to remove a day’s makeup, dead cells, sebum and all environmental debris. The question is: how safe they are? The truth is then the brush cleansing can lead to couperosis (broken capillaries), irritation, redness, high sensitivity and dryness of the skin. Any exfoliation can occur this kind of problems, but the mechanical exfoliation (the case of brushing) is very special. 1. It is very easy to overuse the device. All skin therapists know very well, how powerful the brushing can be and used professional brushing devices with moderation, never more than 10-20 seconds on the one zone. Sometimes customers are obsessed about enlarged pores or black points and they were desperately trying to clean up the nose or T-zone by brushing the skin 5 minutes or more. They obtain the « feeling of cleanness » but the skin became red and irritated and very quickly it can turn out to couperosis and even to rosacea. 2. The constant exfoliation of the skin obviously destroys all barrier function and TEWL (TransEpidermal …